An ankle sprain occurs when one rolls, twists, or turns the ankle in an awkward way. This can stretch or tear the tough bands of tissue (ligaments) that help hold the anklebones together. Ligaments help stabilize joints, preventing excessive movement.
Causes may include: when the ankle is forced to move out of its normal position, landing awkwardly on the foot after jumping or pivoting, walking or exercising on uneven surfaces, or a fall that causing the ankle to twist.
Pain may include: swelling and bruising, restricted range of motion, or pain when bearing weight on the affected ankle.
A.M.I.T. ® Explanation: During an inversion sprain, the lateral stabilizing ligaments are stretched and sustain a certain degree of tearing. Additionally, the peroneus longus, metatarsal, and cuneiform divisions, peroneus brevis, septal and fibular divisions, and the peroneus tertius muscles are injured and inhibited. Once these muscles are inhibited, the ankle loses its neurological control, causing instability and future ankle sprains.